Learn about all your contraceptive options

Long-acting reversible contraceptives

These types of contraception stay in your body for a long time.

Hormonal coil

The hormonal coil is also known as the Mirena coil or the intrauterine system (IUS). It stays in your womb and it works for up to five years.

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Copper coil (hormone-free)

The copper coil is also known as the intrauterine copper device (IUCD). It stays in your womb and it works for up to ten years.

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Implant

The implant is a small rod placed under the skin in the arm. It gradually releases hormones and works for up to three years.

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Injection

The injection is a shot of hormones given in your arm. It works for up to three months.

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Hormonal contraception

Hormonal contraception works by changing your natural monthly hormonal cycle.

Combined pill

The combined pill involves taking a pill every day. Each month you take a break for one week so you can have a period like normal.

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Mini-pill (progesterone only)

The mini-pill involves taking one pill every day, without any breaks. Your period will normally become much lighter or even stop altogether.

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Emergency contraception

Emergency contraception can be used up to five days after unprotected sex. There are two types: the “morning-after” pill and the copper coil.

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Patch

The patch goes onto your arm each week for three weeks at a time. You take a break for one week so you can have a period like normal.

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Vaginal ring

The vaginal ring sits inside your vagina for three weeks at a time. You take it out for one week to have a period like normal.

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Barrier methods

This type of contraception blocks the sperm from getting into the womb.

Condoms

A condom is made of thin, stretchy material. You use a new condom each time you have sex. It’s the only form of contraception that also protects against sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

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Diaphragm

Diaphragms are small flexible silicone cups that stay in the vagina during sex. They are taken out after sex and cleaned for future use.

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Permanent methods

These methods are good if you’re sure you don’t want any future pregnancies.

Vasectomy

A vasectomy is where the tube connecting each testicle (where sperm are made) to the penis is blocked or cut. Sometimes this is known as “getting the snip.”

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Tubal occlusion

A tubal occlusion is where the tube connecting each ovary (where eggs are made) to the womb is blocked or cut. Sometimes this is known as “getting your tubes tied.”

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